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野三坡乡村旅游开发与保护(硕士)

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野三坡乡村旅游开发与保护(硕士)(论文28000字)
摘要
我国乡村旅游兴起于20世纪80年代。因农村改革的逐步推进,它对发展农村经济以及增加农民收入的意义不断显现。
  现代社会城市生活节奏快,工作压力大,人们经常会感到身心疲惫。而乡村旅游可以带给人们回归自然的感受,让大家暂时停下都市生活的快节奏,因而,绿色的乡村旅游很快受到了城市居民的追捧,成为了一种热门的出游方式。1986年,野三坡开始发展其旅游业。历经30年的探索与改进,现在已初步成型。如今,其景区结合自身资源,发挥自身优势,借助于乡村旅游这一特色,希望建设环京津旅游带,改变了旅游区之前单一观光型,推动其向度假休闲型发展,并呈现了较好的发展事态。
上级部门都表示了对其旅游业的重视,这使得野三坡的本土居民士气大增,同时也激励了野三坡的相关部门人员,规划之后的发展走向。前进的道路不总是一马平川。野三坡旅游业发展经历了形形色色的各种问题。当前旅游业发展的首要任务是:联系乡村发展与旅游业发展,使得当地居民得到环境利益、社会文化利益与经济利益,进行乡村与旅游的协调发展,使得环境、社会、旅游三者融为一体。
野三坡地理位置优越,资源丰富,这使得其旅游业快速发展,但本身其除旅游业外其他产业的经济发展并没有太大成效,所以旅游业是野三坡的支柱产业。与此同时,它存在的一些弊端也逐步展现,难以进一步发展。进行了实地调研与参考了相关资料之后,本文具体对其中存在的优缺点进行了分析,给出了解决问题的设想,希望能够改善之前的发展困境,在增加其农民收入与建设新农村方面提出一些可供利用的建议。

[毕业设计论文网 http://www.doc163.com]

本文贯彻“以人为本”和“可持续发展”的理念,目的是建立民众自身意愿等推力与相关部门的指引等拉力,建立居民正向同时向上的社会现象,促进旅游业发展,与其相互依存,同时又不可分割,使得百姓切实享有更多优惠,利益更大化,推动旅游业发展,使得真正实现其可持续发展。
关键词:野三坡,乡村旅游,开发,保护
 
Yesanpo Rural Tourism Development and Protection
Abstract
Rural tourism in China, began in the 20th century, 80 years. With the continuous reform of rural areas, rural tourism in promoting the farmers to increase income and promote the role of rural economic development is increasingly evident.
Modern society City life fast pace, work pressure, people often feel physically and mentally exhausted. And rural tourism can bring people to return to the natural feelings, so that we temporarily stop the fast pace of urban life, therefore, green rural tourism quickly sought after by the city residents, has become a popular way of travel. Wild three slope of the tourism development started in 1986, after 30 years of development has begun to take shape. In recent years, wild three slope scenic area to make full use of resources to create the best scenic spots around the Beijing-Tianjin tourism and leisure as the goal to the development of rural tourism as a breakthrough, to speed up the scenic area from a single type of tourism to the pace of transition, A good momentum of development.

[毕业设计论文网 Doc163.com]


The development of rural tourism has been highly valued by leaders at all levels. This greatly encouraged the relevant management and local people to develop rural tourism morale, clear the direction of future efforts. The goal is ambitious, the road is twists and turns. Wild three slope in the development of rural tourism in the process, also encountered a variety of problems. How to effectively combine tourism development with rural development, to achieve the harmonious development of tourism and rural areas, so that tourism and society, the environment to maintain symbiotic relationship, while people also get economic benefits from tourism, social and cultural interests and environmental benefits are local tourism Development is facing major problems.
In the economically underdeveloped areas, relying on its resources and geographical advantages, the current tourism has become the main source of income of the local people, but with the further development of the local tourism industry, the development of the problem is also increasingly apparent, its development Encountered a bottleneck. In this paper, through the literature research and field research, the corresponding evaluation model is established, and the advantages and disadvantages of the development of rural tourism in the rural areas are put forward, and some countermeasures are put forward in order to solve some difficulties in the development of rural tourism. Enrich the theoretical system of rural tourism, for the local new rural construction and promote farmers to provide some reference. [毕业设计论文网 www.doc163.com]
This paper embodies the concept of "people-oriented" and "sustainable development", aiming at the government's guidance and so on, as well as the people to participate in the will of other forces, so that people have a positive and positive social representation, and tourism development integration, complement each other , Mutual promotion, so that people in the tourism development to get more benefits, tourism in the people's participation under the better and faster development, and ultimately achieve the sustainable development of local rural tourism.
Keywords: Yesanpo, rural tourism, development, protection

目  录
摘要    I
Abstract    III
导论    1
(一)研究背景    1
(二)研究目标和研究意义    1
1.研究目标    1
2.研究意义    2
(三)学术史回顾    2
1.乡村旅游定义    2 [毕业设计论文网 Doc163.com]
2.乡村旅游发展现状    3
3.乡村旅游发展模式    4
4.乡村旅游存在问题    6
5.乡村旅游未来对策    7
(四)研究方法和技术路线    9
1.研究方法    9
2.技术路线    9
一、野三坡乡村旅游资源简介    13
(一)文化资源    14
1.蔡树庵长城    14
2.龙门天关    14
3.佛洞塔    14
4.革命老区    15
5.《印象野三坡》    15
(二)旅游资源    16
1.百里峡    16
2.白草畔    16
3.金华山    17
4.拒马河    17
5.鱼谷洞    18
(三)资源评价    18
二、野三坡乡村旅游发展现状与存在问题    19
(一)野三坡旅游发展现状    19
1.发展原因    19 [毕业设计论文网 www.doc163.com]
2.发展规模    20
3.发展模式    20
(二)野三坡存在问题    21
1.基础设施    21
2.农民受益    22
3.模式单一    22
4.欠缺规划    22
5.特色把握    23
6.保护状况    23
三、野三坡乡村旅游保护与开发对策    31
(一)保护    31
1.健全旅游环保的法律制度和管理制度    31
2.政府要加强对旅游环境保护的宏观调控    31
3.加强环保宣传、提高环保意识,实现主客参与管理    31
4.加大旅游环境保护的投入    32
5.抓住时机大力开发生态旅游    32
6.对旅游区的经营    32
7.加强旅游环境保护的科研工作和保护知识的宣传教育    32
8.进行旅游开发的环境影响评价    33
9.在旅游区发展建设中做好旅游环境规划    33
(二)开发    33 [毕业设计论文网 http://www.doc163.com]
1.加强基础设施建设,统一规划,增加居民参与程度    33
2.增加旅游产品特色和深度    34
3.保护生态环境和乡村旅游资源    34
4.政府制定并推行规范标准,同时进行旅游从业人员培训    35
5.发展乡村旅游与推进美丽乡村建设目标相结合    35
6.乡村旅游开发要注重保持乡村自然和人文环境的原真性    35
7.乡村旅游要注重产品的多样性和组织形式的多样性    36
(三)原生态乡村旅游规划设计实践——松树口村    36
1.自然界限分割的空间布局    36
2.田园环境空间意境的构建    38
3.产品设计的原生态组合    39
总结    32
参考文献    37
致谢    38
[毕业设计论文网 Doc163.com]

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