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影响我国二手车评估价格的因素与方法

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影响我国二手车评估价格的因素与方法(论文17500字)
摘要
随着我国整体经济水平的快速提升,人们对汽车等出行工具需求量逐渐增大,二手车市场交易量迅速发展的同时,二手车评估业务也随着发展起来。在二手车交易中,二手车价格评估是最为关键的环节,也是直接影响到成交量的重要项目。对二手车评估方法的选择应用以及影响到二手车估价因素对最终的估价结果都非常重要。在估价方法上,需要对现行市价法、收益现值法以及重置成本法等常见的二手车评估方法进行深入分析,根据不同类型的车辆进行不同评估方法。在影响我国二手车评估价格的因素方面。需要对车辆品牌、行程、使用年限、颜色外观、保养史以及综合状况等多种直接因素进行评估分析,还需要根据二手车市场发展趋势、消费者对汽车消费的观念、地域、政策等间接因素进行评估和分析。为了提高我国二手车市场的规范性和专业性,为我国二手车市场的发展提供参考依据,需要深入剖析我国二手车评估现状及存在为问题,通过借鉴国外相关经验,根据我国国情制定出提高我国二手车评估效率的有效对策。
本文分为七大章节,第一章对研究背景、研究目的、研究意义、研究方法以及国内外相关研究现状进行综合论述;第二章对二手车的定义、评估价格的理论以及我国二手车评估的因素与方法等理论进行全面理解;第三章分别对影响我国二手车评估价格的直接因素和间接因素进行探讨,通过多种因素的分析和考虑,了解对我国二手车评估价格有影响的因素及原因;第四章对我国二手车评估现状及存在的问题剖析,了解我国二手车评估现状,其中有二手车交易市场现状分析、二手车评估常见方法分析以及我国二手车评估市场方面的探索和方向。此外,我国二手车评估现阶段存在的问题有:评估机构不够权威、评估制度不够健全、从业者专业性不强、监管和管理力度缺失、评估标准与费用不规范以及因二手车市场不够成熟导致的多种问题。第五章对提高我国二手车评估效率的有效策略进行探究,从加强对评估价格影响因素的认识、争取政策鼓励扶持、规范市场以及培养人才等多方面着手;第六章在整个理论接触上进行我国二手车评估市场发展方面进行展望和预测;第七章进行全面的概括和总结。 [毕业设计网 https://Doc163.com]
关键词:我国二手车;估价;影响因素;对策和方法

Abstract
With the rapid improvement of China's overall economic level, people's demand for vehicles and other means of travel is gradually increasing. With the rapid development of second-hand car market trading volume, the second-hand car evaluation business also develops.In second-hand car trading, second-hand car price evaluation is the most critical link and also an important item that directly affects the transaction volume.The selection and application of second-hand car evaluation methods and the factors influencing the second-hand car evaluation are very important to the final evaluation results.In terms of the evaluation method, it is necessary to make an in-depth analysis of the current market price method, the present value of earnings method, the replacement cost method and other common used car evaluation methods, and carry out different evaluation methods according to different types of vehicles.Factors affecting the evaluation price of second-hand automobiles in China.It is necessary to evaluate and analyze a variety of direct factors such as vehicle brand, journey, service life, color and appearance, maintenance history and comprehensive situation, as well as indirect factors such as the development trend of second-hand car market, consumers' concept of automobile consumption, region and policy.In order to improve the standardization and professionalism of China's second-hand car market and provide reference for the development of China's second-hand car market, it is necessary to deeply analyze the current situation and existing problems of China's second-hand car evaluation. By referring to relevant foreign experience, effective countermeasures to improve China's second-hand car evaluation efficiency are formulated according to China's national conditions.

[毕业设计论文网 https://www.doc163.com]

This paper is divided into seven chapters. The first chapter comprehensively discusses the research background, research purpose, research significance, research methods and relevant research status at home and abroad.Chapter two gives a comprehensive understanding of the definition of second-hand automobile, the theory of price evaluation and the factors and methods of second-hand automobile evaluation in China.The third chapter discusses the direct and indirect factors that influence the evaluation price of second-hand automobiles in China. Through the analysis and consideration of various factors, the factors and reasons that influence the evaluation price of second-hand automobiles in China are understood.The fourth chapter analyzes the current situation and existing problems of second-hand car evaluation in China, including the current situation of second-hand car trading market, common methods of second-hand car evaluation, and the exploration and direction of China's second-hand car evaluation market.In addition, the current problems of second-hand car evaluation in China include: the evaluation institution is not authoritative enough, the evaluation system is not sound enough, the practitioners are not professional enough, the supervision and management is not strong enough, the evaluation standards and costs are not standardized, and the second-hand car market is not mature enough to lead to a variety of problems.The fifth chapter explores the effective strategies to improve the evaluation efficiency of second-hand automobiles in China, including strengthening the understanding of the factors influencing the evaluation price, striving for policy encouragement and support, standardizing the market and cultivating talents.The sixth chapter carries on the forecast and the forecast in our country second-hand automobile appraisal market development aspect in the entire theory contact;Chapter 7 is a comprehensive summary and summary. [设计论文网 https://doc163.com]
Keywords: China's second-hand car;Valuation;Influencing factors;Countermeasures and method

目  录
1 绪论    1
1.1 研究背景    1
1.2 研究目的    1
1.3 研究意义    2
1.3.1理论意义    2
1.3.2实践意义    2
1.4 研究方法    2
1.5 国内外相关研究现状    3
1.5.1国外相关研究现状    3
1.5.2国内相关研究现状    4
2 理论概述    6
2.1 二手车的概念    6
2.2评估价格    6
2.2.1收益现值法    7
2.2.2重置成本法    7
2.2.3现行市价法    7
2.2.4清算价格法    7
2.3我国二手车的检查与评估    8
2.3.1二手车的静态检查    8
2.3.2二手车的动态检查    8
2.3.3二手车的评估    9
[设计论文网 https://doc163.com]

3 影响我国二手车评估价格的因素    10
3.1 直接因素    10
3.1.1品牌方面的影响    10
3.1.2行驶里程的影响    10
3.1.3使用年限的因素    10
3.1.4颜色外观的因素    11
3.1.5保养历史方面    11
3.1.6车辆事故    11
3.1.7综合状况    11
3.2间接因素    12
3.2.1二手车市场发展趋势方面的影响    12
3.2.2消费者对汽车消费方面的趋势    12
3.2.3消费者消费观念的影响    13
3.2.4地域方面的影响    13
3.2.5政策方面的影响    13
3.2.6新车型的影响因素    13
3.2.7改装价的影响    14
4 我国二手车评估现状及存在的问题    15
4.1 我国二手车评估现状    15
4.1.1二手车交易市场现状分析    15
4.1.2二手车评估常见方法的分析    15

[毕业设计论文网 Doc163.com]


一、现行市价法    15
二、收益现值法    16
三、重置成本法    16
四、清算价格法    16
4.1.3我国在二手车评估市场方面的探索和发展方向    17
一、我国在二手车评估方面的探索    17
二、我国在二手车评估方面的发展方向    17
4.2 我国二手车评估存在的问题    17
4.2.1评估机构不够权威    18
4.2.2相关制度不够健全    18
4.2.3从业者专业性不强    18
4.2.4监督和管理力度缺失    19
4.2.5评估标准与费用不规范    19
5 提高我国二手车评估效率的有效策略    20
5.1 正确看待二手车评估    20
5.2 鉴定评估手续需要科学性    20
5.3 建立诚信系统,实现信息对等    20
5.4建立统一鉴定依据和评估标准    21
5.5构建专业鉴定评估人才队伍    21
6 二手车鉴定评估实例    22
[毕业设计论文网 https://www.doc163.com]

6.1二手车鉴定评估对象    22
6.2车辆配置    22
6.3车辆基本技术状况鉴定    22
6.4评估方法    22
6.5综合分析    23
7 展望和预测    23
8 结论    25
参考文献    26 [设计论文网 https://doc163.com]

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