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武汉市地铁换乘方案优化研究

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武汉市地铁换乘方案优化研究(任务书,开题报告,外文翻译,论文18000字)
摘要
随着轨道交通线网的不断完善,轨道交通线网的换乘量大幅提高,并且与传统的公交客流形成竞争,于是促使轨道交通线网与传统公交换乘协调发展显得十分必要。截至2017年2月底[1],我国已有27个城市开通了地铁并已建成或已规划了城市轨道交通网络。地铁建设近几年发展势头迅猛,随着地铁线路长度和数目的不断増长,地铁网络逐渐形成,换乘站数目不断増加。地铁成网带来更多换乘客流的同时,换乘问题也将越来越凸显。换乘站是地铁网络中的关键节点,影响全网的运营管理和运输效益,因此对成网条件下地铁换乘站客流组织的研究十分迫切且必要。优化城市轨道交通换乘是个庞大的系统工程,必须从全局着眼,全面分析各环节关键因素,为城市公共交通一体化发展提供保障。
首先,本文通过对武汉地铁换乘方案的研究目的及背景,国内外地铁换乘研究的现状分析,国内外研究的主要内容,研究方法和技术路线等进行研究,对武汉地铁换乘方案优化进行分析。
其次,对武汉人民选择地铁出行方式的影响因素和换乘问题进行分析。具体分为以下几点:一是选择出行方式的影响因素分析;二是武汉地铁换乘方案类型,主要分为两类,武汉地铁换乘距离最短方案分析和换乘站最少方案分析。

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第三,通过对旅客行为软件进行对比分析,选择使用Matlab软件进行建模[2]。对武汉地铁1号线、2号线、3号线、4号线,6号线,8号线和阳逻线及其17个换乘站按照其布局进行分类,建立Matlab模型。模拟武汉地铁人民换乘方式出行情况,建立相应的算法[3]。
第四,对已经做好的模型[4]进行验证,分析和修改等。
最后,根据相应的数据对武汉地铁的几种换乘方案进行分析和总结,并给出相应的优化方案,并重新对优化方案进行验证其可行性。为未来的武汉地铁车站的运营管理进行展望并提供建议,为今后地铁客流组织方案的优化提供一种可靠方法。
关键词:武汉地铁换乘方案优化Matlab建模

Abstract
With the continuous improvement of the rail transit network, the transfer volume of the rail transit network has been greatly improved, and with the tradition. The bus passenger flow forms competition, so it is necessary to promote the coordinated development of rail transit network and traditional bus transfer. By the end of February, 2017, 27 cities in China have opened the subway and have completed or planned the urban rail transit network. Subway construction has been developing rapidly in recent years. With the continuous increase of the length and number of subway lines, the subway network is gradually formed and the number of transfer stations increases continuously. As the subway network brings more passenger traffic, the transfer problem will become more and more prominent. Transfer station is the key node in the subway network, which affects the operation management and transportation benefit of the whole network. Therefore, it is urgent and necessary to study the passenger flow organization of subway transfer station under the condition of network. To optimize urban rail transit transfer is a huge system project, and it is necessary to comprehensively analyze the key factors of each link from the overall perspective and provide guarantee for the integrated development of urban public transport. [设计论文网 https://doc163.com]
First of all, this paper analyzes the research purpose and background of wuhan metro transfer scheme, the current status analysis of metro transfer research at home and abroad, the main contents of domestic and foreign research, research methods and technical routes, etc., and analyzes the optimization of Wuhan metro transfer scheme.
Secondly, it analyzes the influencing factors and transfer problems of the subway travel mode of Wuhan people. It is divided into the following points: first, the influence factor analysis of the choice of travel mode; The second is the type of Wuhan metro transfer scheme, which is divided into two categories: the shortest scheme analysis and the least scheme analysis of the transfer station.
Thirdly, by comparing and analyzing the passenger behavior simulation software, the simulation software of Matlab is chosen to carry out the simulation of the transfer station. Of Wuhan metro line 1, line 2 and line 3 and line 4, line 6, line 8 and line of the yangluo and 17 transfer station layout according to its classification, including the "L" shape transfer station, transfer station "T" shape, "+" glyph transfer station, etc., the Matlab simulation model is established. Simulation Wuhan metro people transfer mode travel situation, establish the corresponding algorithm. [毕业设计论文网 Doc163.com]
Fourth, the simulation model has been done to verify, analyze and modify.
Finally, according to the corresponding data, the author analyzes and summarizes several transfer schemes of Wuhan metro, and gives corresponding optimization schemes, and then re-simulates the optimization scheme to verify its feasibility. In order to provide a reliable method for the optimization of subway passenger flow in the future, it is expected that the operation management of Wuhan metro station will be prospected.
Key words: Wuhan metro,interchange scheme optimization Matlab simulation modeling.
  [设计论文网 https://doc163.com]

武汉市地铁换乘方案优化研究
武汉市地铁换乘方案优化研究


 
目录
第1章 绪论    1
1.1研究背景及意义    1
1.2研究现状    2
1.2.1国外地铁研究现状    2
1.2.2国内地铁研究现状    3
1.3研究主要内容    3
1.4研究方法与技术路线    4
第2章 武汉地铁换乘方案分析    5
2.1武汉地铁现状    5
2.2武汉地铁换乘路径选择的主要影响因素分析    6
2.2.1换乘方式    6
2.2.2列车发车间隔    7

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2.2.3其他影响因素    8
2.3武汉地铁换乘方案选择类型    8
2.3.1武汉地铁换乘距离最短方案分析    8
2.3.2武汉地铁换乘次数最少方案分析    13
2.4本章小结    15
第3章 武汉地铁换乘方案优化模型构建    16
3.1建模思路    16
3.2武汉地铁换乘方案建模所需的邻接矩阵    16
3.2.1建立邻接矩阵    16
3.2.2邻接矩阵    19
3.3路径最短方案的Dijkstra算法思想和步骤    21
3.4换乘次数最少方案的k-shortest算法思想和步骤    22
3.5本章小结    23
第4章 对模型进行验证和分析    24
4.1模型验证    24
4.1.1最短路径模型验证    24
4.1.2 k-shortest模型验证    25
4.1.3k-shortest模型的改进    27
4.2对模型进行分析总结    32
4.3结合模型对武汉地铁换乘方案进行分析    33 [毕业设计论文网 https://www.doc163.com]
4.4本章小结    33
第5章 总结与展望    34
5.1总结    34
5.2展望    35
参考文献    36
致谢    37
  [毕业设计论文网 https://www.doc163.com]

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