密 惠 保
清初期纳兰性德在与词坛“俊异”们交往唱和的过程中相互影响，以“愁情”入词成为他们共同的特点。清中期为数不多的边塞词中继承了纳兰词“壮”的特点，表现出壮怀激烈的宏大志向。而到了晚清时期，由于列强的入侵、国家的衰落，边塞词发生了新变，抒写了一首首时代的悲歌与哀曲。 [毕业设计论文网 Doc163.com]
Nalan Xingde, whose is so prevalent, is a significant poet of Qing dynasty. Nalan Xingde created his unique ideology in which he not only developed the theory of the predecessors, but initially applied the bailing theory in the expression of natural feelings as well. His theory was reflected in composition and the application also refined the theory.
Nalan Xingde’s frontier is inclusive. Various of feelings of the poet are reflected in the 60 frontier. Sitting alone or lying awake in bed in the sleepless nights of his bitter and lonely retinue life, the poet created dozens of reflecting his distinctive and subtle feelings about frontier life.The exclamation of the rise and fall of the nation was noted down when the poet outside of the pass, saw the ancient castles, ancient great walls and the battle field of his ancestors. His homesickness, his longing for his wife was expressed in the festival lyrics which also picture the desolate sights in frontier.
Among the frontier in Song dynasties, he developed Liu Yong’s natural and fresh style and explicit language but rejected the gaudy words. Different from the ci created by poets of Xin school whose stylistic features are solemn and stirring, instead of mourning the declining of a nation, his ci exclaims the rises and falls of a nation and his difficult-to-fulfill ambition and has a mighty and untrammeled feature.
In the early period of Qing dynasty, the formed a common feature of connoting a gloomy mood during the interaction of among the peers in poetry writing. The responsory works between Nalan Xingde and Gu Zhenguan created during the relief process of Wu Zhaoqian are a reflection of real feeling and became a well-known touching story. However, a limited number of frontier in the middle period of Qing inherited Nalan Xingde’s mighty and untrammeled style to show great ambitions. With the declining of the Qing dynasty and the invasion of the great powers, frontier became threnodies for that age.
Key Words:Nalan Xingde; frontier word; awareness
摘 要 1
引 言 3
（三） 塞上风情 9
参考文献 11 [毕业设计论文网 www.doc163.com]